The educational institutions – schools are powerful agencies of social control and these institutions are committed to the moulding of citizens. Any disregard shown to it is bound to invite penalty. Man lives in society because it has a utility. Harvard psychologist Herbert Kelman identified three major types of conformity: compliance, identification, and internalization. The extent to which religion controls the behaviour of men depends upon the degree to which its adherents accept its teachings. The individual has to adjust his behaviour according to changes taking place in the society. By this, Weber means that the state is the only institution within a society who can legitimately exercise violence on society’s members. Other articles where Social control is discussed: paternalism: …between individual liberty and authoritative social control. Informal sanctions may include shame, ridicule, sarcasm, criticism, and disapproval, which can cause an individual to stray towards the social norms of the society. The training of subjects’ minds occurs broadly in society via socialization, or the lifelong process of inheriting, interpreting, and disseminating norms, customs, and ideologies. Some sociologists have classified the social control into informal and formal means.Sympathy, sociability, resentment, the sense of justice, public opinion, folkways and mores are some of the informal means of social control. Though he eventually jumps, his behaviour is controlled by shame. During the Age of Enlightenment harsh penalties for crimes and civil disobedience were criticised by philosophers such as Cesare Beccaria and Jeremy Bentham whose work inspired reform movements which eventually led to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948 which informs most western jurisdictions and the similar Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam in 1990. On the one hand it socialises an individual and on the other it trains him about social behaviour. Nye carried on the tradition of studying juvenile delinquency as a means of theorizing about deviance and social control. Unlike the Milgram study, in which each participant underwent the same experimental conditions, the Zimbardo study used random assignment so that half the participants were prison guards and the other half were prisoners. Hence, there is some deviations from group norms in every group. This gives the control mechanisms a measure of support from the population and voluntary compliance. Informal controls are varied and differ from individual to individual, group to group and society to society. It is a combination of religion, morality, ideal and so many things. Means of social control. King, according to him, is merely a disperser of Justice”. These agencies of Social Control have grown according to the needs of the society. Prior to this period, government achieved social control by the mere regulation of bodies. The social values that are present in individuals are products of informal social control. A peer group is a social group whose members have interests, social positions, and age in common. It argues that relationships, commitments, values, and beliefs encourage conformity—if moral codes are internalized and individuals are tied into broader communities, individuals will voluntarily limit deviant acts. It has worked as a means of informal social control. and public opinion are important forms of indirect social control. A peer group is a social group whose members have interests, social positions and age in common. Some totalitarian governments, such as the late Soviet Union or the current North Korea, rely on the mechanisms of the police state. The norms, values etc. , Individuals are deemed undesirable in urban space because they do not fit into social norms, which causes unease for many residents of certain neighborhoods. Social control is necessary in order to regulate the individual behaviour in accordance with the social objectives and social values. They are very powerful in primary social groups where interaction is on a personal basis. This type of control is to be found in family, neighbourhood, play-groups and other types of primary groups. This is an elastic type of social control and is related to day-to-day life. As Gillin and Gillin say, “Social control is the system of measures, suggestions, persuasion, restrain and coercion by whatever means including physical force by which society brings into conformity to the approved pattern of behaviour, a subgroup or by which a group moulds into conformity its members”.