In addition, there is a debate as to which approach is more energy efficient. Despite its name, conventional agricultural methods have o… [9] The figure is plausible, but we need more than one unattributed figure.[10]. Tomek de Ponti, Bert Rijk, Martin K. van Ittersum, "The crop yield gap between organic and conventional agriculture" in Agricultural Systems 108 (2012) 1–9, Verena Seufert , Navin Ramankutty, Jonathan A. Foley, "Comparing the yields of organic and conventional agriculture," in Nature 485 (10 May 2012) 229-234, Janne Bengtsson, Johan Ahnström, Ann-Christin Weibull, "The effects of organic agriculture on biodiversity and abundance: a meta-analysis" in Journal of Applied Ecology 42 (2005) 261–269, R.H. Gibson, S. Pearce, R.J. Morris, W.O.C. Festival of Sacrifice: The Past and Present of the Islamic Holiday of Eid al-Adha. Many supporters of organic agriculture rely on personal experiences and beliefs when choosing organic over conventionally-produced food. Note that these arguments are not saying that "pesticides are good for you" - using them inappropriately, without following directions, has the potential to be very harmful. [verification needed] However, this knowledge is still in its early years - the knowledge is still being developed, and the valuable knowledge that already exists has not yet spread widely. Thus "conventional" is often used as an antonym for "organic," a farming approach that alternatively seeks to limit or eradicate the introduction of synthetic elements into agriculture. But is this inevitable, and what are the alternatives? Many natural chemical compounds are also toxic or carcinogenic in large quantities, but we consume them in small quantities. According to the USDA, there is no concrete example of conventional farming, as it takes different forms depending on the farm, the region and the nation. Hence switching to organic farming would lead to a reduction in output, e.g. While organic farms seem to have obtained an edge in this area, meta-analysis suggests that individual farm performance is only one part of the equation, accounting for only 35 percent of all energy costs. [5]. With rising food costs and millions of people starving all over the world, it seems like we have a moral obligation to use conventional methods to produce large amounts of food at affordable prices. It is generally recognized that conventional farming produces a higher amount of food than organic. Your email address will not be published. If we analyze the positive and negative aspects of the way that we produce food, perhaps we will be able to improve upon the good things, and reduce the negative impacts. [...] On average, organisms were 50% more abundant in organic farming systems, but the results were highly variable between studies and organism groups. It's also true that something is harmful given to lab rats in large quantities, yet not significantly harmful in small quantities - or even beneficial, since there has been research suggesting that toxins in small doses actually benefit an organism by making it react to the mild stress. innovation in the food chain," in Geoforum 31 (2000) 159-173, it may be safer to stick to what we have been doing for hundreds of years, "Nutritional quality of organic food: shades of grey or shades of green? You need Regen Rehab. Please enable JavaScript to pass antispam protection!Here are the instructions how to enable JavaScript in your web browser by CleanTalk. However, there was greater biodiversity in the organic farms' arable fields. Conventional farming, also known as industrial agriculture, refers to farming systems which include the use of synthetic chemical fertilizers, pesticides, herbicides and other continual inputs, genetically modified organisms, Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations, heavy irrigation, intensive tillage, or concentrated monoculture production. Conventional farming is a term used to designate farming techniques that are traditionally, and often controversially, oriented towards using technology, pesticides, chemicals and other synthetic tools in the cultivation of crops. Another meta-study lead by researchers at Newcastle University based on 343 earlier studies found that conventionally-produced crops contained 18-69% less antioxidants, were four times as likely to contain pesticide residues, and had, on average 48% higher concentrations of heavy metals (including cadmium) than organically-produced crops.